In Sanskrit, the word “buddha” is literally translated – “awakened”. This is the name of people and other intelligent beings who have attained enlightenment (bodhi). Among them is the founder of Buddhism, Siddhartha Gautamu Shakyamuni, who laid down Buddhist traditions and achieved bodhi according to some sources in 588 BC. However, he was neither the first nor the last Buddha, because long before him many myths are mentioned in mythology.
People worship buddhas as gods, but you should know that a buddha is more like a teacher, helping other sentient beings to find their way and overcome difficulties. Often, Buddhas are seen as saviors who seek to bring all others to an awakened state called nirvana. In this aspect, Buddhism is different from most other religious teachings, as Buddhas did not exist initially, but appeared, appear and will still appear in the future, playing the role of living gods. Like other theistic areas, Buddhism has different schools and areas, which it is rather difficult for an outside observer to understand. Over many centuries of existence, Buddhism has accumulated many contradictions, as in other religions. Continue reading