WHAT TO BRING FROM PORTUGAL
1. Bakalyau (translated from Portuguese – “cod”) – the main dish of the country. Cod in Portugal has long been popular (especially among the poor), so in the local cuisine there are a huge number of different recipes for its preparation: this is bakalyau no forno (in the oven), bakalyau natash (in creamy sauce), bakalyau cakes, etc. But one thing unites them: cod must first be prepared: only dried and salted fish are present in the kitchen.
2. Caldo Verde – A traditional Portuguese green cabbage soup. It is cooked in olive oil, with potatoes, spicy sausage, served with red wine.
3. Sardinia Assad – baked sardine, the main summer Portuguese delicacy (sardines are fried during the holidays, weekends). Sardines are eaten with bread or boiled potatoes; and pickled and fried sardines are used as a side dish.
4. Pastel de Belem – the main culinary attraction of the Portuguese capital. In the Lisbon district of Belem, where the Pastéis de Belém confectionery is located, these famous tart pastries with custard, sprinkled with icing sugar and cinnamon have been baked since 1837. Not surprisingly, a visit to the confectionery and the factory (where the cakes are actually sold) is a must-see item for every tourist.
5. Well, and of course, in conclusion, you can not ignore port. Where else can you taste a real port, if not in its homeland? Now in the country more than a hundred firms are engaged in the production of port.
Perhaps one of the first associations that occurs in the head of people at the word “Portugal” is port. This drink, which has made Portugal famous all over the world, is produced in the north of the country near the city of Porto, which, by the way, gave it its name. Once through this port city there was an active trade with England, which imported strong red Portuguese wines. But due to the fact that transportation took a lot of time, wine often deteriorated even before arriving at the final destination. Then the winemakers came up with the idea to add wine alcohol to their products, from which cognac was made. As a result, this decision saved the wine from spoilage, and cognac taste became a hallmark of this port. Now in Portugal there are ten wine-growing regions: Alentejo, Algarve, Dourou, Beira, Tao, Setubal, Montes, Minho, Tagus and Traz-u-Montes. The Dourou Valley region plays the most important role in growing vineyards for port production. Among the types of port, the three most popular are: “tawny” – a brown port wine that is made from red grape varieties and aged in oak barrels; “Ruby” – ruby-colored port wine ripens in bottles, is the best-selling variety; Branco is a sweet port made from white grape varieties. Finding a real Portuguese port in Russia is difficult, and if you find it, you will probably be scared off by its price, so it will be a great idea to purchase it in Portugal itself. The cost of a bottle of port starts from five euros. As an alternative to port, you can buy Madera wine, which is produced on the island of Madeira.
As a souvenir, you can buy azulejos ceramic tiles, which are an important part of Portuguese culture and have been produced for five hundred years. These beautiful tiles are easy to find – they are everywhere, wherever you look – on churches and cathedrals, on benches, fountains, on the walls of ordinary buildings, “azulejos” can be seen even in the Lisbon subway! They depict various historical scenes, national landscapes, ornaments, sights of the country, or simply serve as road signs and signs. But “azulezhush” is not an invention of the Portuguese, it was just in Portugal that it became more widespread, and in general the use of such tiles began in ancient Egypt. The term “azulezhush” itself comes from the Arabic word “az-zulayj”, which means “polished stone”. The technique itself has been developing in Portugal since the fifteenth century. In Lisbon, the demand for building materials increased after the earthquakes of 1755, it was then that Azulezhush began to be produced in mass quantities. The Portuguese themselves are very fond of ceramic products, so if you share their passion, you can buy tiles with a colorful pattern as a souvenir.
CLAUS PORTO SOAP
An excellent gift will be handmade soap of the Klaus Porto brand. The first soap and perfumery enterprise was opened in 1887, the founders were two residents of Germany – Klaus and Schweder. In those days, products of this kind were imported from abroad and was considered the privilege of wealthy families. After the First World War, the Germans were forced to flee, and their business gained new owners who decided to keep the Klaus Porto brand. Over the years, the company gained leadership in the domestic market and began to produce soap for export to the United States, Great Britain and other countries, mainly former Portuguese colonies.