Buddhist park. Buddhas and other sculptures
In Sanskrit, the word “buddha” is literally translated – “awakened”. This is the name of people and other intelligent beings who have attained enlightenment (bodhi). Among them is the founder of Buddhism, Siddhartha Gautamu Shakyamuni, who laid down Buddhist traditions and achieved bodhi according to some sources in 588 BC. However, he was neither the first nor the last Buddha, because long before him many myths are mentioned in mythology.
People worship buddhas as gods, but you should know that a buddha is more like a teacher, helping other sentient beings to find their way and overcome difficulties. Often, Buddhas are seen as saviors who seek to bring all others to an awakened state called nirvana. In this aspect, Buddhism is different from most other religious teachings, as Buddhas did not exist initially, but appeared, appear and will still appear in the future, playing the role of living gods. Like other theistic areas, Buddhism has different schools and areas, which it is rather difficult for an outside observer to understand. Over many centuries of existence, Buddhism has accumulated many contradictions, as in other religions.
Siddhartha Buddha Gautama Sakyamuni – the founder of traditional Buddhism
Traditional Buddhism has spread widely outside of India, where it originated. Gautama was born into a Raja family belonging to the warrior caste. The father sought to protect his son from life’s hardships, but the inquisitive and sympathetic young man was dissatisfied with his life, and also saddened about the fate of those around him. At 29, he went on a trip, studied Hinduism, yoga, fell into asceticism and almost died from exhaustion. A cup of rice, brewed by a simple girl from a sacrifice to Indian gods, returned to life. This was a violation of generally accepted laws, but Gautama remained alive, and having seen a sign in this action, he approached his goal. He soon attained enlightenment, sitting in the shade of a tree that has since been called bodhi.
The answer to all his questions was both simple and complex – the source of all human problems is desire, or rather, the desire to embody desire. If you explain according to a very simplified model, then everyone wants to achieve their goal, to receive benefits and superiority over others. The desires of many people come into conflict, fueling passions. And if someone achieves his goal, then he will not be happy for a long time, because new desires appear and everything starts all over again. It turns out that both fulfilled and unfulfilled desires become causes of suffering. And to stop them, you need to find peace of mind and inner freedom. Awakened under a bodhi tree, Buddha Gautama realized that he no longer needed to experience endless cycles of reincarnation according to Hinduism. The main merit of Buddha Gautama Shakyamuni is that after achieving enlightenment, he began to help other people achieve enlightenment, and did not calm down in anticipation of the transition to nirvana.
Gautama offered people a middle path to enlightenment, abandoning luxury and asceticism. He left four great commandments – about suffering; cause of suffering; deliverance from suffering; the path to deliverance, consisting of eight steps:
Correct views on the world;
Proper thinking, helping to stay calm in any situation;
Correct truthful speech;
Proper behavior for the benefit of oneself and others;
The right choice of a healthy lifestyle;
The right effort to resist evil and do good deeds;
Right contemplation that helps to be observant and attentive;
Proper meditation through concentration.
Followers of Buddhism around the world have erected many statues of Buddhas. One of the popular symbols of Buddhism is the statue of the Golden Buddha. However, only part of them is really made of gold.
Amazing discoveries sometimes take place, which are believed by believers as a miracle. An example is the world’s largest statue of the Golden Buddha in Thailand. The three-meter sculpture is cast in pure gold and weighs 5.5 tons. Buddha’s eyes are made of pearls and Thai sapphires. A legend has survived to this day that King Ramkhamhen, who rules more than 700 years ago, decided to preserve gold for posterity by smelting the huge Golden Buddha. The statues were placed in the temple of Ayutthaya, the former capital of the state. In the 18th century, during the war with neighboring Burma, a layer of cement was urgently put on the Golden Buddha so that the enemies did not get into trouble over the precious metal. It is not known for certain reason why in the following centuries no one remembered the hidden Golden Buddha. Perhaps all the ordained secret monks died. Be that as it may, in 1957 it was decided to move the temple to Bangkok, and when loading the heavy Buddha statue fell and fell. A piece of cement broke off, and amazed witnesses saw a bright radiance that suddenly burst from the bowels of the damaged statue. This case clearly demonstrates that in each person, under a plain protective layer, a true treasure is hidden.